The RLA first promoted its proposals for a new housing court ahead of the 2017 General Election, with the Government launching a consultation into the plans last month.
Here, Policy Manager John Stewart blogs about what a housing court could do for landlords.
The court system as we know it is broken. Slow, complex, underfunded.
A landlord seeking possession against a tenant who does not pay their rent has to wait an average of 22 weeks between issue and finally obtaining possession, with tenants facing an equally slow and complex process, dependent on local authority enforcement to tackle disrepair issues.
The current situation is neither sustainable or acceptable and is what led the RLA to campaign for reform, demanding a specialist housing court and tribunal service in our 2017 election manifesto.
In October 2017, Sajid Javid, in his former role as Communities Secretary, confirmed that the Government planned to look at the plans and it was a development we continued to press for in a meeting with Housing Minister Heather Wheeler MP earlier this year.
Following months of campaigning, the Government launched the new consultation on a proposal to introduce a Housing Court as a single path of redress for both landlords and tenants.
What do we want?
What the RLA wants is a new, properly funded, housing specialist court and tribunal modelled on the existing Residential Property Tribunal.
The RLA wants the new court, like the current Tribunal, to have its own experts, removing the need for parties to hire external specialists and, where necessary, carry out property inspections, minimising the need for witness statements and arguments over the state of a property.
This court could deal with cases on paper where appropriate and also direct parties to mediation where possible to avoid the court system altogether.
Most importantly, it would be able to use its specialist knowledge of property and of the law to decide matters without the need for expensive lawyers and long arguments.
This would reduce costs for landlords and tenants, provide better access to justice, and reduce the cost of the process for both parties and for the Government.
Scotland has been using a similar specialist tribunal successfully for some time for housing disrepair matters and has now expanded it to cover possession matters. Ireland also has a successful specialist housing disrepair Tribunal.
What is the Government doing?
The Government, in its consultation document, quotes extensively from work by RLA research arm PEARL, which found rent arrears are the primary cause of landlords taking possession of their homes.
It is specifically asking for evidence on:
- private landlord possession action process in the county court
- user experience in both the county courts and the First-tier Tribunal for property cases
- case for a new Housing Court
- case for other structural changes such as an extension of the remit of the property tribunal
We welcome the Government’s decision to investigate the plans – and we are optimistic.
Change is needed, and not only could the introduction of a new court help speed up the current court process – improving access to justice for landlords and tenants – it could also tick another box for the Government in rooting out criminal landlords and giving greater confidence to landlords to offer longer family-friendly tenancies.
And this can only be a good thing.
- The consultation, launched last month, will run for ten weeks and will close on 22nd January 2019.
- This article was first published on the TDS website here.